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Facts About Victoria

Climate and temperatures

Victoria has a mild, temperate climate with warm to hot summers, moderate autumns, cool to cold winters and sunny springs.

Visit the Bureau of Meteorology website

Season Average maximum temperature
Summer 25°C
Winter 14°C
A crowd of beach lovers on a sunny day at Brighton beach A tree-lined path in the Treasury Gardens

Economy and industry

Industry Products Facts
Primary industry
  • wool, and beef
  • grain crops
  • tobacco
  • fodder crops
  • fruit, vegetables and dairy products.
Victoria is Australia's largest producer of mutton, lamb, and dairy products.
  • brown coal – used to produce most of the state's electricity
  • large oil and natural gas fields.
Melbourne is headquarters to many of Australia's mining and minerals processing companies and is a major centre for mining project management, research and development.
  • automotive
  • food processing
  • textiles, clothing and footwear
  • paper
  • oil refining, petrochemicals
  • aluminium smelting
  • information technology and telecommunications
  • aircraft production.
About 34 percent of Australia's manufacturing workers are employed in Victoria's industry.
International trade

Victoria exports:

  • cars
  • aluminium
  • dairy products
  • medicaments (including veterinary)
  • wool and meat.
Victoria's largest export markets are New Zealand, China, the USA, Japan and Korea. Melbourne has the nation's busiest general cargo port and largest container port.

Visitors to Victoria annually:

  • 1.4 million international
  • 17.3 million domestic.

Melbourne's international airport, Tullamarine, serves eight domestic airlines and 30 international airlines.

Victoria's tourism industry employs about 6.6 percent of the state's workforce.
A wheat field in rural Victoria
Chefs at work in a busy restaurant A stunt plane shooting flames at the International Air Show

Our people

People, culture and language Statistics Did you know?
Geographic area 227,416 square kilometres
Victoria is the smallest mainland state - about the same size as Britain. The state is geographically compact and all regions are within easy reach.
General population About 5 million people
The second largest population of any state in Australia.
More than 70 percent of Victorians live in Melbourne, the state's capital city.

Migrant population
Migrants come from over 200 countries Almost one quarter of Victoria's population was born overseas - 43.6 percent were either born overseas, or have a parent who was born overseas.
Languages spoken
English is the offical language Over 180 languages and dialects are spoken in Victoria. More than 20 percent of Victorians - and almost 30 percent of Melburnians - speak a language other than English at home
An aboriginal artist shows his craft to a young boy A cooking class sits down to share a meal An elderly Asian couple sitting on a park bench

Time zone and daylight saving

Time Applies between Compared with Coordinated Universal Time (UTC)

Standard time

Australian Eastern Standard Time (AEST)

First Sunday in April to first Sunday in October Victoria is 10 hours ahead (UTC +10)

Daylight saving time

Australian Eastern Daylight Time (AEDT)

First Sunday in October to first Sunday in April Victoria is 11 hours ahead (UTC +11)

The White Pages telephone directory has world time zones.

For more information on daylight saving, visit Business Victoria



Destination Terminal Operate to Carriers

Melbourne International Airport:

  • 24 hour operation
  • located at Tullamarine (about 25 kilometres north of Melbourne's CBD)
  • accessible via the Tullamarine Freeway.
  • most major international cities
  • destinations within Australia
Qantas, Air New Zealand, Cathay Pacific, Singapore Airlines, Etihad, Thai Airways, United Airlines, Malaysia Airlines, Emirates, Austrian Airlines, Tiger Airlines, Garuda, United Airlines, Air China, China Eastern Airlines and China Southern Airlines.
  • Melbourne Airport (Tullamarine)
  • Avalon Airport (60 kilometres south west from Melbourne's CBD)
  • Regional airports.
  • Interstate
  • Regional airports such as Mildura, Albury/Wodonga and Portland.


Qantas, Virgin Blue, Jetstar, SkyWest, Tiger Airways and Regional Express (REX).


Victoria offers a number of sea-based transport for freight and passengers including ferries and chartered sea transit services. The Port of Melbourne is one of Australia's largest ports with shipping services to major ports in Asia, the Middle East and Europe.

Station Pier is Victoria's primary passenger terminal and services cruise ships including the Spirit of Tasmania, which provides a passage to and from Tasmania for vehicles, freight and passengers.

An aerial view of the Spirit of Tasmania cruiser at Station Pier, Port Melbourne


Migrants who have made Melbourne or regional Victoria their home talk about the lifestyle opportunities they now have - including what's great about living in Victoria, why they chose to live and work here, education opportunities and why they are glad they made the move to Victoria, Australia.