Comprising 20 suburbs, the City of Banyule is renowned for its open spaces and large number of parklands. It is primarily a residential area, but features some industrial areas.
The City of Bayside is populated largely by professional people with above average educational qualifications. The population's relatively strong Anglo-Saxon base is reflected in the low proportion of people who speak a language other than English. Bayside is bordered by 17 km of beachfront overlooking Port Phillip Bay and features a number of traditional shopping villages, heritage buildings and large parklands.
The City of Boroondara includes some of Melbourne's greenest suburbs. It covers an area of more than 60 square kilometres and is the geographical centre of the metropolitan region. Although it has a diverse urban mix of ages, a greater number of Boroondara's residents are aged between 35 and 49 years, with a high proportion of older adults without children.
Brimbank City Council is Melbourne's second-largest municipality, covering 25 suburbs, and an area of 123 square kilometres. Brimbank is home to more than 96 nationalities. More than 54 percent of the population speak a language other than English.
The Shire of Cardinia is located on Melbourne's southeastern fringe, at the interface of metropolitan Melbourne and the rural areas beyond. It is home to 30 small rural towns and several rapidly growing urban areas. This region experienced significant population growth between 1996 and 2001 as a result of a number of new subdivisions in Pakenham, Officer and Beaconsfield.
Casey City Council is one of the three fastest growing municipalities in Australia. It is also a young municipality, with around 70 percent of its residents aged under 40. Casey spans a large geographic region, from the foothills of the Dandenong Ranges, through residential and farm land, to a number of small coastal villages. Around 30 percent of its population was born overseas.
The City of Darebin is one of Victoria's largest and most diverse communities. Around one third of Darebin's residents were born in countries other than Australia. There is also a growth in the number of residents from Sri Lanka, India, Egypt and countries across the Middle East. In the last decade Darebin has seen growth in the number of people in their 30s and 40s.
The City of Frankston is located on the Mornington Peninsula and covers an area of approximately 131 square kilometres - from Seaford Wetlands in the north, bordering Mount Eliza in the south, and east to the Western Port Highway. The western boundary is formed by approximately 10 km of Port Phillip coastline. This bayside municipality is the regional hub for Melbourne's southeastern suburbs, with many shopping centres and administrative services.
The City of Glen Eira has a community of around 53,000 households, 105 different ethnic groups and almost 6000 registered businesses. In 2001, Glen Eira had 36,936 overseas-born migrants living within its boundaries. About half of these people had arrived in Australia before 1986.
The population of the City of Greater Dandenong includes people from 151 different countries. Around 48 percent of residents are from non-English speaking countries, including Vietnam, Cambodia and China. The City is located at the centre of one of Australia's fastest-growing areas. A further 210,000 people are expected to move to the region over the next 20 years. Greater Dandenong has a total of 7165 businesses providing jobs for more than 70,000 people. Almost 40 percent of Victoria's manufacturing industry is located within 15 km of Greater Dandenong, and an estimated 15 percent of the companies based in the area export their goods or services overseas.
The City of Hobsons Bay is located on Port Phillip Bay. A major attraction is the historic seaport of Williamstown, which developed as a maritime centre during the mid-1800s. Most residential development did not occur until the latter half of the 20th century. This is a very multicultural municipality, with a large proportion of the population (almost 30 percent) born in non-English speaking countries, including the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Philippines, Lebanon and Macedonia. The City of Hobsons Bay is noted for its bayside restaurants, cafes and boutique shopping.
The City of Hume has a young population and is considered to be culturally diverse. The population includes overseas-born residents mostly from Turkey, Italy and the United Kingdom - and more recently, Iraq and Lebanon. Melbourne International Airport is located within the City of Hume and is one of the municipality's largest employers.
The City of Kingston is growing by around 1000 people each year. More than 26,000 of the municipality's residents are aged over 60, which is higher than the Melbourne average. Overall, the proportion of residents that were born in Australia (66 percent) is higher than the Melbourne average. However, there are large Greek, Chinese, Vietnamese and Cambodian communities in suburbs such as Clayton South, Clarinda and Oakleigh. Of the migrants who live in the municipality, 63 percent arrived before 1986.
Located at the foothills of the Dandenong Ranges, the City of Knox covers a large area. It has been one of Melbourne's fastest growing regions, and is today a vibrant multicultural community. Almost one quarter of the City's population was born overseas. The region has maintained a strong sense of community, which is demonstrated by the large number of cultural festivals and events.
Manningham covers 114 square kilometers, and is a mixture of city and country, with many well-maintained parks, gardens and reserves. The thriving and diverse local economy is serviced by more than 12,600 businesses.
The City of Maribyrnong is Melbourne's smallest and most densely populated municipality. By the year 2011, the population will have grown to approximately 72,000. Maribyrnong’s population comprises residents from more than 135 different countries, and more than 80 languages are spoken. The nine main languages within the City are Vietnamese, Cantonese, Greek, Italian, Macedonian, Spanish, Mandarin, Serbian and Croatian. The median age of residents is 35 years.
The City of Maroondah is widely acknowledged as the eastern suburbs' primary commercial and industrial centre. Close to the Yarra Valley and Dandenong Ranges, this region is a mixture of new and established neighborhoods. Maroondah features a number of spacious reserves and parklands. There are strong European communities in this region, mainly originating from the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Germany and Italy.
The City of Melbourne is the hub of Victoria's business, administrative, cultural and recreational activities. With strong population growth since 1996, the City of Melbourne is ranked as the fastest growing municipality in Victoria. The City of Melbourne is a place of rich cultural diversity. On average, 30 percent of City of Melbourne residents speak a language other than English at home. Mandarin, Cantonese and Indonesian are the most common languages spoken at home, other than English.
The Shire of Melton is a rapidly expanding municipality providing an urban-rural lifestyle around 35 minutes travelling time to the west of Melbourne. Melton Shire Council delivers a wide range of municipal services to more than 70,000 residents, and actively promotes business investment opportunities within the Shire.
The area that is now the City of Monash was predominantly farmland until the 1950s. Today, it is one of Melbourne's most populous municipalities, with more than 155,060 residents. It is also one of Melbourne's most cosmopolitan areas, with 36 percent of residents having moved there from more than 30 different countries. Monash University and the Monash Medical Centre, which is renowned for its innovative medical research, are both located in the City of Monash.
The City of Moonee Valley is home to about 11,600 businesses that employ 49,161 people. It is the predominant business location in the inner northwest region of metropolitan Melbourne.
Moreland’s population comprises residents from more than 150 different countries. There is a strong European community thriving in Moreland. With its strong mix of manufacturing and commercial activity, the City of Moreland has long attracted people for its employment opportunities, as much as for its bustling, inner-city lifestyle.
The Shire of Mornington Peninsula is the furthest local council from Melbourne's Central Business District. With more than 190 kilometres of coastline stretching along Port Phillip Bay's southeastern coastline, the Mornington Peninsula has been a favoured holiday resort for generations. It is home to Sorrento, the site of the first European settlement in Victoria. Its mix of urban areas, resort towns, tourism developments and rural areas makes it an interesting and diverse area. The population can swell to around 200,000 during the peak summer holiday season.
Nillumbik has 22 primary schools to service its family-oriented community. Nillimbik has a high level of commitment to environmental concerns and responsibility. The area is often referred to as the 'green wedge'.
The City of Port Phillip is located on the northern shore of Port Phillip Bay. Port Phillip is one of the oldest areas of European settlement in Melbourne. It is known for its many dynamic urban villages, a foreshore that stretches more than 11 kilometres, its cultural diversity and magnificent heritage buildings, parks and gardens.
Stonnington is named after a grand mansion that today sits at the geographic heart of the municipality. Noted for its shopping precincts, including Chapel Street, Toorak Road and Chadstone Shopping Centre, the City of Stonnington also boasts a number of dining and entertainment hot spots. It is characterised by a range of housing types, ranging from grand old mansions to stylish modern apartments and large public housing blocks.
The City of Whitehorse is famous for its tree-lined, leafy streets and more than 350 bushland reserves. Whitehorse features the largest technology precinct in eastern Melbourne and is a hub for people involved in telecommunications, multimedia and information technology. A large percentage of its population was born overseas, and strong British and Asian communities thrive within the municipality.
Whittlesea City Council covers Melbourne's northern suburbs. The majority of the municipality's overseas population is from Greece, Macedonia and Italy, with one-third of Victoria's Macedonian community residing in the area. Almost half of the community nominates ancestry from non-English speaking countries, with one or both parents born overseas. The City's southern areas (Thomastown and Lalor) are considered very urban and industrial, while the northern area, which takes in the Whittlesea township, is rural.
Wyndham is located on the western fringe of Melbourne, about halfway between Melbourne's Central Business District and the Victorian city of Geelong. There are many young families in Wyndham, most living in separate houses - only a small proportion of the population in the area lives in flats and terrace houses. Local tourist attractions include the Werribee Open Range Zoo, the Royal Australian Air Force base at Laverton and the Mansion Hotel at Werribee.
The City of Yarra is an inner metropolitan municipality next to Melbourne's Central Business District and many of Melbourne's major tourism and recreational facilities. It is one of the smallest inner metropolitan councils, comprising just 19.5 square kilometres, but it is densely populated, with 3563 people per square kilometre. It has a wide diversity of geographical features, boasting some of the metropolitan district's oldest areas, sprawling parklands and large, historic homes.
The Yarra Ranges Shire Council is located on Melbourne's eastern fringes, and is a diverse mix of urban and rural communities. Early industries focused on timber, quarrying, farming and viticulture, but today tourism is the municipality's foundation, with more than three million people visiting the Yarra Valley's flourishing wineries each year.
Melbourne, the capital of Victoria, Australia is home to around 4.14 million people. More than 70 percent of Victorians live in Melbourne. Melbourne continually ranks highly in international research on liveable cities. Safe and clean, the crime rate is significantly lower than many other cities, and the cost of living very affordable.
Victoria is divided into 79 local government areas. Of these areas, 31 make up the Melbourne metropolitan region. Local government councils run a wide variety of programs at low cost or free of charge, including sport and recreation services, local childcare and community health centres. To find out more about your local council, visit the Know Your Council website.