Once you have migrated to Australia, you may consider becoming an Australian citizen. Australian citizenship formalises your membership of the Australian community.
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From 1 October 2007, people who satisfy the general eligibility criteria are required to pass a test before applying for Australian citizenship. People covered by other situations are not required to sit a test.
The Australian citizenship test has been designed to assist people who want to become Australian citizens gain an understanding of Australia's values, traditions, history and national symbols.
The test is an important part of ensuring that migrants have the capacity to fully participate in the Australian community as citizens and maximise the opportunities available to them in Australia. It promotes social cohesion and successful integration into the community.
You are not required to pass a test if you:
To sit the test you must:
People who apply for Australian citizenship must:
People who became permanent residents on or after 1 July 2007 must have been lawfully resident in Australia for four years immediately before applying including:
If people became permanent residents before 1 July 2007 and apply before 30 June 2010, they must have been physically present in Australia as a permanent resident for a total of two years in the five years before applying, including one year in the two years before applying.
A Citizenship Wizard is available on the Department of Immigration and Border Protection website to help you determine if you meet the residence requirement.
It entitles you to privileges of Australian citizenship giving you the right to:
Citizenship also brings with it responsibilities. For example, citizens are required to: